loan as external means of financing

loan as external means of financing
займы как внешние финансовые источники.
Соглашение между национальными и иностранными правительственными или финансовыми учреждениями, отражающее результаты взаимной договоренности о величине заемных платежных средств, цене займа (размере выплачиваемого процента), периоде и условиях погашения долга. Основным критерием классификации внешних займов служит определяемый соглашением или контрактом срок их выплаты. Займы считаются краткосрочными, если они предоставляются на срок не более двух лет. Потребность в заемных платежных средствах на такой период особенно часто возникает при осуществлении внешнеторговых операций. Среднесрочные и долгосрочные займы (срок погашения более двух лет) при международных внешнеэкономических сделках рассматриваются как источник финансирования национального капитального строительства.

Англо-русский толковый словарь внешнеэкономических терминов. - М.: Финансы и статистика. 1992.

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